Skip to main content

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions

德国的领导问题

法兰克福—许多欧元区危机国抱怨说它们受罪的根源在于僵化的经济紧缩机制——包括降低工资和退休金、增税以及失业率飙升——而紧缩机制是德国加给它们的。欧洲国家对德国的敌意达到了自二战结束以来的最高水平。

但是,尽管对立情绪升高,但我们仍能听到呼吁德国承担欧洲“领导”责任的声音。毫无疑问,德国是欧洲最重要的经济体;而其低失业和相对稳固的公共财政状况也表明它是表现最出色的经济体——至少目前是如此。因此,德国被要求在拯救欧元区方面起到领导作用,而这不仅符合整个欧洲社会的利益,也符合德国的利益,它被广泛视为从单一货币中获益最大的经济体。

关于强加“条顿制度”的抱怨和要求德国承担领导责任的呼声似乎自相矛盾——凸显出整个欧洲大陆都存在认知不协调。事实上,抱怨和领导责任呼声是互相强化的。紧缩政策在外围的实施导致这些国家需要帮助并要求德国身先士卒,把钱拿到欧洲的台面上来。

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/JL1GZeAzh;
  1. roach113_XinhuaZhang Ailin via Getty Images_coronaviruschinaeconomyfactoryworker Xinhua/Zhang Ailin via Getty Images

    When China Sneezes

    Stephen S. Roach

    The COVID-19 outbreak has hit at a time of much greater economic vulnerability than in 2003, during the SARS outbreak, and China's share of world output has more than doubled since then. With other major economies already struggling, the risk of outright global recession in the first half of 2020 seems like a distinct possibility.

    1
  2. afriedman19_Chip SomodevillaGetty Images_berniesanderscampaign Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

    Why Bernie?

    Alexander Friedman

    If US Senator Bernie Sanders is the Democratic Party's presidential candidate, he could win in November for any number of reasons. The US electorate is almost evenly divided regardless of candidate, swing voters are unpredictable, electoral math is tricky, Donald Trump has plenty of weaknesses, and a lot can happen between now and then.

    2

Edit Newsletter Preferences