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中央银行和政治反弹

发自法兰克福——各大中央银行的名声总免不了起起伏伏。虽然多年以来各央行的声誉几乎达到前所未有的高度,但如今似乎不可避免地要出现回落,而中央银行的独立则因此成为了牺牲品。

得益于所谓的“大温和”,中央银行的声誉在世纪之交前后达到了高峰。低水平和稳定的通货膨胀,持续增长和高就业水平让许多人觉得中央银行犹如某种宇宙主宰,能够(并被认定)为所有人的福祉而管理经济。那种将美国联邦储备委员会主席格林斯潘(Alan Greenspan)尊为“大师”的描述正是体现了这种观念。

2008年全球金融危机起初进一步推高了中央银行的声誉。由于行动果断,货币当局对防止大萧条重演作出了重大贡献。他们也再一次地被称之为世界经济的大救星。

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