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ghosh7_Billy MutaiSOPA ImagesLightRocket via Getty Images_woman farmer Billy Mutai/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

反食品巨头暴动

新德里—1798年,英国经济学家托马斯·马尔萨斯(Thomas Malthus)做出了可怕的预测,如今,世界人口增加了近十倍,而生产的粮食足以养活这些人口。今天的脸是问题不是绝对稀缺,而是粮食分配的不公平和消费的不理性,以至于在两个极端都出现了广泛的营养不良:世界最贫困人群因为营养不足而死去或造成认知障碍,而其他人因为肥胖而面临死亡或疾病。

现代粮食生产和分配模式要承担很大责任。生产——即使是小农的生产——日益依赖大公司开发的培育技术。而拜激进营销和全年候供应此前应季或外地作物,全球练市消费也变得不太健康和可持续。

问题是显而易见的,但我们并没有采取什么措施解决它。当今世界的商业驱动的粮食体系有着根深蒂固的自满,并且正在迅速迈向自大。跨国农商公司——“食品巨头”——的主宰力堪与数字经济中的科技巨头相比,而决策者似乎也乐于鼓励人们普遍相信只有工业农业才能养活世界,满足不断增长的需求。

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