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阿尔及利亚揭开真相之时

阿尔及尔—要想理解阿尔及利亚大规模抗议活动背后的真相,回忆一下该国即将卸任的总统阿卜杜勒·阿齐兹·布特弗利卡可能会有所帮助,布特弗利卡任职总统近20年,而且早在1963年,也就是约翰·F·肯尼迪遇刺的那一年就担任外交部长职务。现任陆军参谋长年近80,而现任代总统也已77岁了。这是个老年政权,但却统治着世界各国中最年轻的人口。

阿尔及利亚在老一辈的统治下表现不佳。自由之家的最新报告将该国划归“不自由”一类,其邻国摩洛哥、马里和尼日尔却均被划为“部分自由”,而突尼斯现在更被划为“自由”国家。阿尔及利亚政权的错误是认定它可以在没有人关注或关心的情况下,再次推举6年前中风的残疾人布特弗利卡出任总统。

阿尔及利亚民众根深蒂固的耻辱感推动了今天的抗议活动。自1962年独立以来,该国统治者往往将该国国民视为自己的奴仆,而不是认为自己应当服务于民众。但该国政权对民众的蔑视在今年初表现得尤为明显,政府主要人物对布特弗利卡的照片鞠躬支持其参选,因为布特弗利卡本人既不能上台也不能发声。这样的骗局或许能在朝鲜有效,但在阿尔及利亚,人们可以上网和观看国际视频;在闹剧上演时,他们能够意识到。

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  1. solana114_FADEL SENNAAFP via Getty Images_libyaprotestflag Fadel Senna/AFP via Getty Images

    Relieving Libya’s Agony

    Javier Solana

    The credibility of all external actors in the Libyan conflict is now at stake. The main domestic players will lower their maximalist pretensions only when their foreign supporters do the same, ending hypocrisy once and for all and making a sincere effort to find room for consensus.

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